Only a few material that has been taped was coded. As our focus had been on scripted development, we excluded day-to-day news broadcasts, game shows, sports programs and activities, and paid development, in addition to all kinds of commercials along with other promotions ( ag e.g., teasers for system programs). Although music videos had been taped, these people were coded and analyzed individually because of the unique traits and are perhaps not reported right here. The analyses offered in this paper, nonetheless, do are the video that is nonmusic from cable music entertainment channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth shows.
In addition, reveals that had been incomplete simply because they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.
The last test for the 2001 2002 period contains 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the last test when it comes to 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test for the 2nd content analysis had been notably bigger than 1st 12 months’s test that we had three episodes of each nonsyndicated series as we made a concerted effort in year 2 to ensure. Despite strict adherence into the sampling plan, extra taping ended up being needed whenever, for instance, brand new programs joined the autumn lineup following the start of new season to replace for cancelled programs or as soon as the time and time slot for a set had been changed.
The codebook when it comes to bigger research ended up being based significantly regarding the factors manufactured by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) inside their content analyses conducted for the Kaiser Family Foundation.
We created extra products, including those on exact exact same intercourse intimate behavior and sexual talk linked to nonheterosexuals. Contrary to Kunkel and peers, whom used the scene since the main product of analysis, our content analyses involved coding for sexual content in 2 minute periods of system time. Because scenes chaturbate curvy differ quite a bit in total and, therefore, usually do not offer a continuing product of measure to make evaluations across programs, we utilized a coding that is standard centered on time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized often by other scientists conducting content analyses across different system genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes with this content analysis, sex had been understood to be any depiction of intercourse, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sexuality or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and prevent overcoding content that is sexual communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications associated with love and relationships, that have been not coded. For instance, a declaration such as вЂњi enjoy my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made like to my boyfriendвЂќ is coded.
Exact Same intercourse intimate behavior
Every 2 moment interval that were coded as containing a minumum of one form of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse implied, sexual activity depicted, along with other intimate behavior 2 has also been evaluated for the existence of exact exact same intercourse intimate behavior. Because of this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted into the period happened between a couple for the sex that is same.
Speak about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual
Each 2 minute period that was indeed coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk groups utilized in the primary coding task ( ag e.g., responses about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, speak about intercourse which has currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) ended up being additionally coded for whether some of the intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals. With this item, programmers once once again used a yes/no response format to point whether any of the intimate talk reflected the intimate passions or issues of nonheterosexual people. Frequently, such responses pertaining to gays and lesbians, although periodically these were connected with bisexuals.